Writing a good resume is a quite difficult and time-consuming process, especially knowing that a potential employer spends a bit more than 5 seconds to scan your resume.
In this article, you will find a complete guide to resume writing.
How to Write a Resume
What should a resume look like?
So you have a blank page. What next? The first step you need to choose a resume writing format. There are 3 different types of resume:
- Chronological – the most common type of resume, where the main focus is back on the chronological order of the companies where you worked. Suitable for experienced specialists who had growth within one specialty or industry.
- Functional – this type of resume focuses on your skills and strengths. More suitable for people without previous work experience, for those who decided to change a career and whose previous work experience is not relevant to the position for which they are applying for. Will also be an excellent choice for candidates who change jobs every few months.
- Combined – this type is a combination of chronological and functional resumes, which includes two main sections, where one section describes your previous work experience and the second one your skills and abilities.
The first thing recruiters see when look at your resume is a title – that’s how you name your resume. This one line will give you a chance to stand out among other candidates.
Imagine that at the interview you were asked to describe yourself in one sentence. What would it be?
Here are a few examples:
- Head of Marketing Department with a team of 20 people
- Accountant: Certified Accountant/ Business Analyst with 10 years of experience
- Graphic Designer: Creative Graphic Designer – expert in Adobe Photoshop and 3D visualization
Block with your personal information should consist of:
- Phone number
- Email address – the email address must look professional, for example, firstname.lastname@example.org. Avoid using appropriate emails like email@example.com. According to statistics, more than 70% of resumes are not even considered because sent from unprofessional email addresses.
- Address – you may just include a city, state, and country of residence. No need to write your full address. If you are applying for a freelance work, this line can be deleted from the resume at all.
- Link to a LinkedIn profile.
- Link to an online portfolio / personal website/ blog (if required).
It is not necessary to attach a photo.
Resume objective and Resume Summary
Resume Summary – a brief summary of your resume. You in a few sentences summarize your resume and once again emphasize the most significant accomplishments and skills.
Resume objective – almost the same as the Resume Summary the only difference is that you focus on positions which you are applying for. In other words, you explain which specific position you’re intended to get and why. Suitable for people without work experience or for those who decided to change career.
The central part of your resume is your professional experience. This section should be written in a reverse-chronological order.
First line: your title
Second line: Company name
If the company is little-known you should describe in one sentence what the company does, in what industry and the number of employees.
Third line: specifies the time period you worked there. When specifying the time period of your work in a particular company, do not limit yourself only to years. For example – 2016-2017, be sure to specify a start and end months so that the recruiter clearly understands, if you are worked on this position for 2 months (from December to January) or for example 2 years, from January ‘16 to November ‘17.
Next, in the form of a list, describe your main responsibilities – the list should be as informative as possible and not too long (no more than 5-7 lines).
If your list consists of 5 or more places of work, it is enough to describe in detail the last 2-3 jobs, and the other positions in such format: Position – Company name – Work period.
If you had several roles within the same company, it is better to file information in this format:
Company name – description
1) Position – work period
2) Position – work period
The most important thing that recruiters want to find in your work history is achievements. Use specific facts and figures. For example:
- Helped increase the company’s revenue.
- By improving the company’s blog content strategy, the organic traffic grew by 70% thereby increasing the company’s revenue by 11%.
Which of two’s looks more impressive? Yes, you are right.
Also, you will get a bonus if you will mention the famous brands. For example:
- Organized a conference on trends in the IT industry, has attracted sponsors such as Apple and Amazon.
- Helped in the organization of cooperative advertising campaign with Coca-Cola.
If there are gaps in your resume, be sure to describe them, and no matter what you were doing – were on parental leave, caring for a sick dog, or just practice Tibetan Buddhist meditation in the pursuit of enlightenment.
It’s better that recruiters know the truth than they thought you are hiding something.
Have a relevant education will always be your advantage over other candidates. Therefore, don’t forget to include this section into your resume.
The format is quite simple: Name of University, specialty, major, date of graduation, awards or achievements. GPA should only be specified if you have just graduated from College.
Key skills & strengths
No less important is the section with a list of your personal and professional skills. List the most important and relevant skills for a position which you are applying for. Specify only those skills and technologies that you really work with, but not those that only hear something but not understand.
It is likely that the recruiter will ask you to describe how and when you used those technologies and practice those skills.
Use common names and abbreviations. It’s possible that your resume will pass through Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software that recognizes only certain keywords.
- MS PowerPoint not Power Point
- Facebook not FaceBook
In the same section, it is necessary to list your existing licenses, certificates, publications and all that can be relevant to the position you are applying for.
When you write a resume, the references section is usually not required. If the recruiter wants to get recommendations from your former colleagues, he can just ask you about it. Also, this information can already be in your Linkedin profile.
That’s all. Your resume is done.
Writing a good resume has never been an easy process, by following our writing tips you will quickly get a professional resume.